From the 16th century onwards, seafaring nations, primarily the English and the Dutch,
brought roses from the Far East to Europe and rose breeding began. The first centifolia
roses were created in Holland, for example: roses suddenly displayed double flowers instead
of single ones and graced the gardens of burghers and nobles with their heady scent.
The first moss roses were developed from these through bud mutations.
However, rose breeding did not begin on a large scale until western Europeans started to cross Chinese
roses with European ones after trade with Asia expanded in the late 18th century. Breeding and selection
then brought forth repeat blooming varieties such as Portland, Bourbon, Noisette and remontant roses.